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James Esposito

Qualified Plans Consultant

Library » Profit Sharing Allocation Methods - The Better Part of Discretion

May 13, 2020 | Retirement Plans

Most Profit Sharing/401(k) Plan sponsors have the basic understanding that the plan contributions must not discriminate in favor of the owners and other highly paid participants over non-owners and non-highly paid participants. Many business owners interpret this to mean “I can’t contribute more …

James Esposito

Qualified Plans Consultant

Library » What is a Cash Balance Plan?

April 03, 2020 | Retirement Plans

Cash Balance Plans have been around for many years, but were fraught with controversy stemming from age-discrimination lawsuits brought against plan sponsors who converted their traditional Defined Benefit (DB) Plans to Cash Balance Plans. It was not until the passage of the Pension Protection …

Library » Target Date Fund Glide Path Evaluation: What Really Matters?

October 12, 2016 | Retirement Plans

The target date fund (TDF) universe continues to expand, providing plan fiduciaries with more options to consider. This offers greater opportunity to select a suite of TDFs that closely aligns with a plan’s specific needs, but also increases the time and energy plan fiduciaries devote to gaining …

Library » Narrowing In on the Right Approach

August 30, 2016 | Retirement Plans

Introduction One of the primary objectives that plan sponsors are tasked with is designing/implementing an investment menu that affords participants the greatest opportunity to achieve their retirement goals. While this seems like a relatively straightforward task, there is no one-size-fits-all …

Library » Building and Interpreting Custom Investment Benchmarks

August 22, 2016 | Active Management

Introduction From simple beginnings, the investment benchmark has become a de-facto aspect of most investment programs today. There are many types of benchmarks, but the most widely accepted version uses passive market indices as standards of performance measurement and points of comparison for …

Library » Investing Cash Balance Plan Assets

June 23, 2016 | Retirement Plans

Many Cash Balance plan sponsors, especially small to mid-sized professional firms, appreciate relatively predictable and level annual plan contributions. These firms tend to use the plan as a tax management tool, because the plan contributions are tax deductible and will offset taxes owed by the …

Library » Free Cash Flow and Dividends: How A Focus On Yield Can Help Investors Provide for Today and Prepare for Tomorrow

April 12, 2016 | Active Management

A Fundamental Investor Problem Most institutional and individual investors have multiple goals or objectives related to the investment of their assets. Among the many different objectives that investors might pursue, meeting current cash flow needs and providing adequate capital growth for the …

Library » Corporate Strategy

December 14, 2015 | Active Management

Since the end of the financial crisis that began in late 2007, Manning & Napier has had an outlook of slow growth for the U.S. and other developed countries around the globe. For more than five years, we have talked about what slow growth means in terms of investing, focusing on a basic premise …

Library » Using Derivatives in the Fixed Income Markets

October 16, 2015 | Investment Themes

Introduction While derivatives may have a negative connotation to some investors, it is common for fixed income managers to simply utilize them as risk management tools to adjust exposure to interest rate, credit, and currency risk rather than a means to take on excessive risk/leverage. As such, …


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