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Library » Types of Qualified Plans

May 20, 2014 | Retirement Plans

Before adopting a qualified plan, an employer should first understand the various types of plans available, so that a plan that best meets the employer’s goals and objectives can be chosen. Qualified plans come in two basic flavors: Defined Contribution (DC) Plans and Defined Benefit (DB) Plans. …

James Esposito

Qualified Plans Consultant

Library » Profit Sharing Allocation Methods - The Better Part of Discretion

May 13, 2014 | Retirement Plans

Most Profit Sharing/401(k) Plan sponsors have the basic understanding that the plan contributions must not discriminate in favor of the owners and other highly paid participants over non-owners and non-highly paid participants. Many business owners interpret this to mean “I can’t contribute more …

Library » Common Fiduciary Considerations Related to Target Date Options

May 12, 2014 | Retirement Plans

Introduction Given the variety of target date options available in the marketplace today, how does a plan fiduciary determine which family is right for a specific plan? When evaluating target date options, it is important to keep in mind that quantitative factors play an important role. However, …

Library » The Re-Emergence of Collective Investment Trust Funds

February 15, 2014 | Retirement Plans

Introduction As the retirement plan industry has evolved, so has the structure of investment vehicles used in 401(k) plans. Collective Investment Trust funds (CITs) have been available for decades (first launched in 1927) and were offered in very early 401(k) plans. However, the early versions …

Library » Manning & Napier’s Risk-Based Strategies as a QDIA

December 30, 2013 | Retirement Plans

Introduction The provisions of the Pension Protection Act (PPA) of 2006 defined balanced and risk-based funds as one of three types of qualified default investment alternatives (QDIA) for use in qualified retirement plans. While the final regulations require plan fiduciaries to meet several …


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