Investment Objective

To provide investors with long-term capital appreciation by investing primarily in the common stock of small- to mid-capitalization companies located outside the U.S.

Investment Strategy

The Series is primarily invested in the common stock of small- and mid-capitalization companies traded outside the U.S. Rainier typically selects investments that fall within the market capitalization range of the MSCI ACWI ex USA Small Cap Index at the time of purchase. The Team will invest in any type of company whether it is in the index or not, as long as it is within the market cap range and fits the investment objectives. To control risk, extreme overweighting or underweighting of the Series relative to the Index is normally avoided.

Investment decisions are based on fundamental analysis, which emphasizes bottom-up stock selection of companies that exhibit strong growth, clear key earnings drivers and attractive valuations. The investment team evaluates companies across all sectors and regions using this growth and valuation criteria.

May be Appropriate for Investors

  • Seeking a long-term (15 years or more) investment and who are willing to accept the risk of investing in foreign equity securities
  • Seeking to diversify a portfolio by adding a foreign equity component

Daily Price

$18.22

Daily $ Change

-$0.28

Daily % Change

-1.54%

as of 12/14/2018

Ticker

RAIRX

CUSIP

56382R662

Inception Date

08/21/2017

Investment Minimum

$1,000,000.00

Investment minimum may be waived for certain qualified retirement plans and discretionary investment accounts of the Advisor. Prior to 07/12/2018, the Class Z shares of the Rainier International Discovery Series were designated as the Class R6 shares.

Important Documents

Summary Prospectus
Prospectus
Statement of Additional Information
Annual Report
Semi-Annual Report
Fact Sheet
Applications & Forms
XBRL-7/23/18
XBRL-3/20/18

Performance

As of 11/30/2018

YTD

-13.16%

1 Year

-10.66%

3 Year

4.99%

5 Year

6.46%

10 Year

---

Inception
(03/28/2012)

11.18%

Market Cycle

---

For periods prior to 08/21/2017, performance for Class Z is based on the historical performance of the Institutional Shares of the Rainier International Discovery Fund (Predecessor Fund), which was managed by Rainier Investment Management, LLC and reorganized into the Manning & Napier Fund, Inc. Rainier International Discovery Series Class I on 08/21/2017. Performance for the Class Z shares will differ to the extent that the Predecessor Fund’s Institutional Shares had a higher expense ratio. Performance data quoted represents past performance and does not guarantee future results. Performance for periods greater than one year is annualized. The investment return and principal value of an investment will fluctuate, so that an investor’s shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost. Current performance may be higher or lower than that quoted.

Expense Ratio

Gross 1.17%
Net 1.00%*

*Reflects the Advisor’s contractual agreement to limit its fees and reimburse certain expenses. The contractual waiver may not be amended or terminated prior to the expiration date (02/28/2019) without the approval of the Fund’s Board of Directors.

Top Ten Investments

As of 11/30/2018

ROYAL UNIBREW 3.94%
TELEPERFORMANCE 3.75%
TECHTRONIC INDUSTRIES CO LTD 3.11%
PIGEON CORP 2.88%
KORIAN 2.50%
CHR HANSEN HOLDING A/S 2.49%
FINECOBANK SPA 2.48%
DECHRA PHARMACEUTICALS PLC 2.47%
CAE INC 2.39%
ORPEA SA 2.30%

Top Ten Investments list is unaudited and excludes cash.

Sector Allocation

As of 11/30/2018

Communication Services 2.99%
Consumer Discretionary 12.44%
Consumer Staples 10.79%
Financials 14.17%
Health Care 23.21%
Industrials 24.58%
Information Technology 9.33%
Materials 2.49%

Country Allocation

As of 11/30/2018

Japan 18.74%
Denmark 10.77%
France 9.97%
Germany 9.32%
United Kingdom 8.04%
Switzerland 7.38%
Italy 6.11%
Canada 5.06%
India 3.70%
Hong Kong 3.11%
Indonesia 2.93%
China 2.85%
Thailand 2.77%
Mexico 1.71%
Australia 1.40%
Malaysia 1.33%
New Zealand 1.10%
Ireland 0.91%
Netherlands 0.70%
Philippines 0.61%
South Korea 0.49%
Poland 0.48%
Brazil 0.31%
Belgium 0.21%

November Fund Holdings

As of 11/30/2018

CUSIP Security Description Country Ticker Shares/Par Market Value (USD)
0309644 ELECTROCOMPONENTS PLC GB ECM LN 604,740 $3,966,973.57
0405207 HALMA PLC GB HLMA LN 299,320 $5,253,957.73
0557681 HOWDEN JOINERY GROUP INC GB HWDN LN 689,025 $3,922,803.23
06684L103 BAOZUN INC-SPN ADR CN BZUN 115,875 $4,086,911.25
0963318 DECHRA PHARMACEUTICALS PLC GB DPH LN 420,540 $11,616,834.74
2162760 CAE INC CA CAE CN 555,310 $11,276,305.87
2188283 CANADIAN WESTERN BANK CA CWB CN 284,005 $6,164,681.59
2392545 GRUMA S.A.B.-B MX GRUMAB MM 453,475 $4,968,368.24
262006208 DREYFUS GVT CSH MANAGEMENT US 43,216,142.43 $43,216,142.43
316827104 51JOB INC - ADR CN JOBS 106,975 $7,282,858.00
4491235 KINGSPAN GROUP IE 76,320 $3,285,014.77
4612757 OC OERLIKON CORP AG-REG CH OERL SW 618,375 $7,273,019.06
4713490 ROCKWOOL INTL A/S- B SHS DK ROCKB DC 33,760 $8,790,104.71
5633962 NEMETSCHEK SE DE NEM GR 77,125 $9,393,744.32
5843329 SARTORIUS AG-VORZUG DE SRT3 GR 44,875 $5,724,605.46
5922961 CARL ZEISS MEDITEC AG - BR DE AFX GR 155,225 $10,753,971.16
5999330 TELEPERFORMANCE FR TEP FP 106,545 $17,661,637.20
6036548 NET ONE SYSTEMS CO LTD JP 7518 JP 328,500 $6,819,641.37
6049632 ARIAKE JAPAN CO LTD JP 2815 JP 115,600 $10,042,422.01
6161525 RYMAN HEALTHCARE LTD NZ RYM NZ 652,188 $5,201,213.20
6188193 MALAYSIA AIRPORTS HLDGS BHD MY MAHB MK 3,411,500 $6,262,423.17
6250025 DAIFUKU CO LTD JP 6383 JP 197,100 $10,133,499.36
6352750 EN-JAPAN INC JP 4849 JP 150,900 $6,120,055.63
6561330 KRUNGTHAI CARD PCL NVDR TH KTC-R TB 5,340,500 $5,539,788.22
6565031 TAKEUCHI MFG CO LTD JP 6432 JP 327,400 $6,645,199.54
6680718 SERIA CO LTD JP 2782 JP 143,200 $6,092,759.01
6688080 PIGEON CORP JP 7956 JP 328,400 $13,552,833.12
7123104 VONTOBEL HOLDING AG-REG CH VONN SW 111,895 $6,444,897.31
7155884 BACHEM HOLDING AG-REG B CH BANB SW 34,050 $4,219,398.43
7339451 ORPEA SA FR ORP FP 102,120 $10,827,051.98
7370063 MELEXIS NV BE MELE BB 16,905 $1,002,502.37
7391763 SIEGFRIED HOLDING AG-REG CH SFZN SW 19,000 $6,776,820.50
B0190C7 TECHTRONIC INDUSTRIES CO LTD HK 669 HK 2,703,500 $14,661,724.24
B019MQ5 ASAHI INTECC CO LTD JP 7747 JP 160,400 $7,540,978.65
B14NJ71 AMPLIFON SPA IT AMP IM 230,284 $3,863,192.36
B18ZRK2 LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL - REG CH LOGN SW 169,905 $5,732,342.83
B1DN466 NIHON M&A CENTER INC JP 2127 JP 159,200 $3,728,052.35
B1HKRM0 KORIAN FR KORI FP 304,565 $11,783,298.88
B1JTY91 XING SE DE O1BC GR 27,902 $8,410,892.68
B234WN9 DIASORIN SPA IT DIA IM 78,130 $6,661,861.11
B39Q399 KOH YOUNG TECHNOLOGY INC KR 31,760 $2,292,686.14
B3CY709 PERSOL HOLDINGS CO LTD JP 2181 JP 428,800 $8,051,554.71
B3KFW10 TISCO FINANCIAL GROUP-NVDR TH TISCO-R TB 1,788,400 $4,359,309.76
B3L0Q89 TISCO FINANCIAL GROUP PCL TH TISCO TB 1,282,900 $3,127,129.55
B3PQXL5 ANICOM HOLDINGS INC JP 8715 JP 136,500 $4,521,615.70
B3R1D52 CORPORATE TRAVEL MANAGEMENT AU CTD AU 389,760 $6,587,267.90
B548673 BANK TABUNGAN NEGARA PERSERO ID BBTN IJ 28,172,500 $5,273,642.07
B573M11 CHR HANSEN HOLDING A/S DK CHR DC 129,665 $11,716,818.47
B677469 ABCAM PLC GB ABC LN 658,775 $9,557,507.50
B7FQV64 RAIA DROGASIL S.A. BR RADL3 BZ 92,200 $1,481,351.44
B7JW351 ACE HARDWARE INDONESIA ID ACES IJ 75,452,000 $8,533,957.72
BBCR9N1 SIMCORP A/S DK SIM DC 41,160 $2,626,934.16
BBQ3850 KEYWORDS STUDIOS PLC IE KWS LN 62,535 $981,316.85
BD0F6Q3 V-GUARD INDUSTRIES LTD IN VGRD IN 754,907 $2,283,093.98
BD0YVN2 DINO POLSKA SA PL DNP PW 87,169 $2,245,139.82
BD3RVD8 L&T TECHNOLOGY SERVICES IN LTTS IN 231,000 $5,137,716.60
BD97240 SOLASTO CORP JP 6197 JP 386,365 $4,902,915.01
BD9G333 AMBU A/S-B DK AMBUB DC 159,510 $3,192,175.50
BF0B2F6 CANADA GOOSE HOLDINGS INC CA GOOS CN 94,585 $6,361,431.23
BF0LBX7 BIOMERIEUX FR BIM FP 94,625 $6,681,249.49
BFFK731 WISE TALENT INFORMATION TECH CN 6100 HK 539,299 $2,057,524.94
BFT7KB7 FEDERAL BANK LTD IN FB IN 5,901,095 $7,233,675.54
BFYDWS1 NETCOMPANY GROUP AS DK NETC DC 177,865 $5,865,475.05
BG1Z6X0 REGIONALL SAB DE CV MX RA MM 715,900 $3,088,882.29
BGLP232 MONCLER SPA IT MONC IM 200,940 $6,581,786.96
BNBNSG0 EURONEXT NV NL ENX FP 55,830 $3,275,976.67
BNGN9Z1 FINECOBANK SPA IT FBK IM 1,086,370 $11,680,190.12
BVFNZH2 ROTORK PLC GB ROR LN 1,059,795 $3,550,193.06
BX8ZX20 ROYAL UNIBREW DK RBREW DC 255,250 $18,532,494.19
BYMFG13 BATA INDIA LD IN BATA IN 185,430 $2,777,739.30
BYR4KP7 GRENKE AG DE GLJ GR 69,665 $5,988,689.09
BYT9340 SCOUT24 AG DE G24 GR 86,185 $3,608,645.50
BYXYHM7 WILCON DEPOT INC PH WLCON PM 12,539,128 $2,891,402.60
BYZWMR9 VAT GROUP AG CH VACN SW 41,585 $4,325,370.26

Investments will change over time.

Distributions

  • Rainier International Discovery Series Class R6 Distribution History
  • 2018 Distribution Calendar
  • Fourth Quarter 2017 Distributions
  • Third Quarter 2018 Distributions
  • Second Quarter 2018 Distributions
  • First Quarter 2018 Distributions
  • Fourth Quarter 2018 Distribution Estimates

A Word About Risk

All investments involve risks, including possible loss of principal. As with any stock fund, the value of your investment will fluctuate in response to stock market movements. Small- and medium-capitalization companies tend to have limited liquidity and greater price volatility than large-capitalization companies. Funds whose investments are concentrated in foreign and emerging market countries may be subject to fluctuating currency values, different accounting standards, and economic and political instability. The value of the Series may be affected by changes in exchange rates between foreign currencies and the U.S. dollar. Investments in emerging markets may be more volatile than investments in more developed markets. Additionally, the Series is subject to portfolio turnover risk as it may buy and sell investments frequently, which may result in higher expenses and an increase in realized capital gains and potential tax implications for shareholders.

Daily Price

$18.22

Daily $ Change

-$0.28

Daily % Change

-1.54%

as of 12/14/2018

Ticker

RAIRX

CUSIP

56382R662

Inception Date

08/21/2017

Investment Minimum

$1,000,000.00

Investment minimum may be waived for certain qualified retirement plans and discretionary investment accounts of the Advisor. Prior to 07/12/2018, the Class Z shares of the Rainier International Discovery Series were designated as the Class R6 shares.

Important Documents

Summary Prospectus
Prospectus
Statement of Additional Information
Annual Report
Semi-Annual Report
Fact Sheet
Applications & Forms
XBRL-7/23/18
XBRL-3/20/18

Investment Objective

To provide investors with long-term capital appreciation by investing primarily in the common stock of small- to mid-capitalization companies located outside the U.S.

Investment Strategy

The Series is primarily invested in the common stock of small- and mid-capitalization companies traded outside the U.S. Rainier typically selects investments that fall within the market capitalization range of the MSCI ACWI ex USA Small Cap Index at the time of purchase. The Team will invest in any type of company whether it is in the index or not, as long as it is within the market cap range and fits the investment objectives. To control risk, extreme overweighting or underweighting of the Series relative to the Index is normally avoided.

Investment decisions are based on fundamental analysis, which emphasizes bottom-up stock selection of companies that exhibit strong growth, clear key earnings drivers and attractive valuations. The investment team evaluates companies across all sectors and regions using this growth and valuation criteria.

May be Appropriate for Investors

  • Seeking a long-term (15 years or more) investment and who are willing to accept the risk of investing in foreign equity securities
  • Seeking to diversify a portfolio by adding a foreign equity component

Performance

As of 11/30/2018

YTD

-13.16%

1 Year

-10.66%

3 Year

4.99%

5 Year

6.46%

10 Year

---

Inception
(03/28/2012)

11.18%

Market Cycle

---

For periods prior to 08/21/2017, performance for Class Z is based on the historical performance of the Institutional Shares of the Rainier International Discovery Fund (Predecessor Fund), which was managed by Rainier Investment Management, LLC and reorganized into the Manning & Napier Fund, Inc. Rainier International Discovery Series Class I on 08/21/2017. Performance for the Class Z shares will differ to the extent that the Predecessor Fund’s Institutional Shares had a higher expense ratio. Performance data quoted represents past performance and does not guarantee future results. Performance for periods greater than one year is annualized. The investment return and principal value of an investment will fluctuate, so that an investor’s shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost. Current performance may be higher or lower than that quoted.

Expense Ratio

Gross 1.17%
Net 1.00%*

*Reflects the Advisor’s contractual agreement to limit its fees and reimburse certain expenses. The contractual waiver may not be amended or terminated prior to the expiration date (02/28/2019) without the approval of the Fund’s Board of Directors.

Top Ten Investments

As of 11/30/2018

ROYAL UNIBREW 3.94%
TELEPERFORMANCE 3.75%
TECHTRONIC INDUSTRIES CO LTD 3.11%
PIGEON CORP 2.88%
KORIAN 2.50%
CHR HANSEN HOLDING A/S 2.49%
FINECOBANK SPA 2.48%
DECHRA PHARMACEUTICALS PLC 2.47%
CAE INC 2.39%
ORPEA SA 2.30%

Top Ten Investments list is unaudited and excludes cash.

Sector Allocation

As of 11/30/2018

Communication Services
2.99%
Consumer Discretionary
12.44%
Consumer Staples
10.79%
Financials
14.17%
Health Care
23.21%
Industrials
24.58%
Information Technology
9.33%
Materials
2.49%

Country Allocation

As of 11/30/2018

Japan
18.74%
Denmark
10.77%
France
9.97%
Germany
9.32%
United Kingdom
8.04%
Switzerland
7.38%
Italy
6.11%
Canada
5.06%
India
3.70%
Hong Kong
3.11%
Indonesia
2.93%
China
2.85%
Thailand
2.77%
Mexico
1.71%
Australia
1.40%
Malaysia
1.33%
New Zealand
1.10%
Ireland
0.91%
Netherlands
0.70%
Philippines
0.61%
South Korea
0.49%
Poland
0.48%
Brazil
0.31%
Belgium
0.21%

November Fund Holdings

As of 11/30/2018

CUSIP Security Description Country Ticker Shares/Par Market Value (USD)
0309644 ELECTROCOMPONENTS PLC GB ECM LN 604,740 $3,966,973.57
0405207 HALMA PLC GB HLMA LN 299,320 $5,253,957.73
0557681 HOWDEN JOINERY GROUP INC GB HWDN LN 689,025 $3,922,803.23
06684L103 BAOZUN INC-SPN ADR CN BZUN 115,875 $4,086,911.25
0963318 DECHRA PHARMACEUTICALS PLC GB DPH LN 420,540 $11,616,834.74
2162760 CAE INC CA CAE CN 555,310 $11,276,305.87
2188283 CANADIAN WESTERN BANK CA CWB CN 284,005 $6,164,681.59
2392545 GRUMA S.A.B.-B MX GRUMAB MM 453,475 $4,968,368.24
262006208 DREYFUS GVT CSH MANAGEMENT US 43,216,142.43 $43,216,142.43
316827104 51JOB INC - ADR CN JOBS 106,975 $7,282,858.00
4491235 KINGSPAN GROUP IE 76,320 $3,285,014.77
4612757 OC OERLIKON CORP AG-REG CH OERL SW 618,375 $7,273,019.06
4713490 ROCKWOOL INTL A/S- B SHS DK ROCKB DC 33,760 $8,790,104.71
5633962 NEMETSCHEK SE DE NEM GR 77,125 $9,393,744.32
5843329 SARTORIUS AG-VORZUG DE SRT3 GR 44,875 $5,724,605.46
5922961 CARL ZEISS MEDITEC AG - BR DE AFX GR 155,225 $10,753,971.16
5999330 TELEPERFORMANCE FR TEP FP 106,545 $17,661,637.20
6036548 NET ONE SYSTEMS CO LTD JP 7518 JP 328,500 $6,819,641.37
6049632 ARIAKE JAPAN CO LTD JP 2815 JP 115,600 $10,042,422.01
6161525 RYMAN HEALTHCARE LTD NZ RYM NZ 652,188 $5,201,213.20
6188193 MALAYSIA AIRPORTS HLDGS BHD MY MAHB MK 3,411,500 $6,262,423.17
6250025 DAIFUKU CO LTD JP 6383 JP 197,100 $10,133,499.36
6352750 EN-JAPAN INC JP 4849 JP 150,900 $6,120,055.63
6561330 KRUNGTHAI CARD PCL NVDR TH KTC-R TB 5,340,500 $5,539,788.22
6565031 TAKEUCHI MFG CO LTD JP 6432 JP 327,400 $6,645,199.54
6680718 SERIA CO LTD JP 2782 JP 143,200 $6,092,759.01
6688080 PIGEON CORP JP 7956 JP 328,400 $13,552,833.12
7123104 VONTOBEL HOLDING AG-REG CH VONN SW 111,895 $6,444,897.31
7155884 BACHEM HOLDING AG-REG B CH BANB SW 34,050 $4,219,398.43
7339451 ORPEA SA FR ORP FP 102,120 $10,827,051.98
7370063 MELEXIS NV BE MELE BB 16,905 $1,002,502.37
7391763 SIEGFRIED HOLDING AG-REG CH SFZN SW 19,000 $6,776,820.50
B0190C7 TECHTRONIC INDUSTRIES CO LTD HK 669 HK 2,703,500 $14,661,724.24
B019MQ5 ASAHI INTECC CO LTD JP 7747 JP 160,400 $7,540,978.65
B14NJ71 AMPLIFON SPA IT AMP IM 230,284 $3,863,192.36
B18ZRK2 LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL - REG CH LOGN SW 169,905 $5,732,342.83
B1DN466 NIHON M&A CENTER INC JP 2127 JP 159,200 $3,728,052.35
B1HKRM0 KORIAN FR KORI FP 304,565 $11,783,298.88
B1JTY91 XING SE DE O1BC GR 27,902 $8,410,892.68
B234WN9 DIASORIN SPA IT DIA IM 78,130 $6,661,861.11
B39Q399 KOH YOUNG TECHNOLOGY INC KR 31,760 $2,292,686.14
B3CY709 PERSOL HOLDINGS CO LTD JP 2181 JP 428,800 $8,051,554.71
B3KFW10 TISCO FINANCIAL GROUP-NVDR TH TISCO-R TB 1,788,400 $4,359,309.76
B3L0Q89 TISCO FINANCIAL GROUP PCL TH TISCO TB 1,282,900 $3,127,129.55
B3PQXL5 ANICOM HOLDINGS INC JP 8715 JP 136,500 $4,521,615.70
B3R1D52 CORPORATE TRAVEL MANAGEMENT AU CTD AU 389,760 $6,587,267.90
B548673 BANK TABUNGAN NEGARA PERSERO ID BBTN IJ 28,172,500 $5,273,642.07
B573M11 CHR HANSEN HOLDING A/S DK CHR DC 129,665 $11,716,818.47
B677469 ABCAM PLC GB ABC LN 658,775 $9,557,507.50
B7FQV64 RAIA DROGASIL S.A. BR RADL3 BZ 92,200 $1,481,351.44
B7JW351 ACE HARDWARE INDONESIA ID ACES IJ 75,452,000 $8,533,957.72
BBCR9N1 SIMCORP A/S DK SIM DC 41,160 $2,626,934.16
BBQ3850 KEYWORDS STUDIOS PLC IE KWS LN 62,535 $981,316.85
BD0F6Q3 V-GUARD INDUSTRIES LTD IN VGRD IN 754,907 $2,283,093.98
BD0YVN2 DINO POLSKA SA PL DNP PW 87,169 $2,245,139.82
BD3RVD8 L&T TECHNOLOGY SERVICES IN LTTS IN 231,000 $5,137,716.60
BD97240 SOLASTO CORP JP 6197 JP 386,365 $4,902,915.01
BD9G333 AMBU A/S-B DK AMBUB DC 159,510 $3,192,175.50
BF0B2F6 CANADA GOOSE HOLDINGS INC CA GOOS CN 94,585 $6,361,431.23
BF0LBX7 BIOMERIEUX FR BIM FP 94,625 $6,681,249.49
BFFK731 WISE TALENT INFORMATION TECH CN 6100 HK 539,299 $2,057,524.94
BFT7KB7 FEDERAL BANK LTD IN FB IN 5,901,095 $7,233,675.54
BFYDWS1 NETCOMPANY GROUP AS DK NETC DC 177,865 $5,865,475.05
BG1Z6X0 REGIONALL SAB DE CV MX RA MM 715,900 $3,088,882.29
BGLP232 MONCLER SPA IT MONC IM 200,940 $6,581,786.96
BNBNSG0 EURONEXT NV NL ENX FP 55,830 $3,275,976.67
BNGN9Z1 FINECOBANK SPA IT FBK IM 1,086,370 $11,680,190.12
BVFNZH2 ROTORK PLC GB ROR LN 1,059,795 $3,550,193.06
BX8ZX20 ROYAL UNIBREW DK RBREW DC 255,250 $18,532,494.19
BYMFG13 BATA INDIA LD IN BATA IN 185,430 $2,777,739.30
BYR4KP7 GRENKE AG DE GLJ GR 69,665 $5,988,689.09
BYT9340 SCOUT24 AG DE G24 GR 86,185 $3,608,645.50
BYXYHM7 WILCON DEPOT INC PH WLCON PM 12,539,128 $2,891,402.60
BYZWMR9 VAT GROUP AG CH VACN SW 41,585 $4,325,370.26

Investments will change over time.

Distributions

  • Rainier International Discovery Series Class R6 Distribution History
  • 2018 Distribution Calendar
  • Fourth Quarter 2017 Distributions
  • Third Quarter 2018 Distributions
  • Second Quarter 2018 Distributions
  • First Quarter 2018 Distributions
  • Fourth Quarter 2018 Distribution Estimates

A Word About Risk

All investments involve risks, including possible loss of principal. As with any stock fund, the value of your investment will fluctuate in response to stock market movements. Small- and medium-capitalization companies tend to have limited liquidity and greater price volatility than large-capitalization companies. Funds whose investments are concentrated in foreign and emerging market countries may be subject to fluctuating currency values, different accounting standards, and economic and political instability. The value of the Series may be affected by changes in exchange rates between foreign currencies and the U.S. dollar. Investments in emerging markets may be more volatile than investments in more developed markets. Additionally, the Series is subject to portfolio turnover risk as it may buy and sell investments frequently, which may result in higher expenses and an increase in realized capital gains and potential tax implications for shareholders.


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